PyScaffold comes with a lot of elaborated features and configuration defaults to make the most common tasks in developing, maintaining and distributing your own Python package as easy as possible.

Configuration & Packaging

All configuration can be done in setup.cfg like changing the description, url, classifiers and even console scripts of your project with the help of pbr. That means in most cases it is not necessary to tamper with setup.py. The syntax of setup.cfg is pretty much self-explanatory and well commented, check out this example or pbr’s usage manual.

In order to build a source, binary or wheel distribution, just run python setup.py sdist, python setup.py bdist or python setup.py bdist_wheel.

Namespace Packages

Optionally, namespace packages can be used, if you are planning to distribute a larger package as a collection of smaller ones. For example, use:

putup my_project --package my_package --with-namespace com.my_domain

to define my_package inside the namespace com.my_domain in java-style.

Package and Files Data

Additional data, e.g. images and text files, inside your package can be configured under the [files] section in setup.cfg. It is not necessary to have a MANIFEST.in file for this to work. To read this data in your code, use:

from pkgutil import get_data
data = get_data('my_package', 'path/to/my/data.txt')


Make sure that all files you specify in [files] have been added to the repository!

Complete Git Integration

Your project is already an initialised Git repository and setup.py uses the information of tags to infer the version of your project with the help of setuptools_scm. To use this feature you need to tag with the format MAJOR.MINOR[.PATCH] , e.g. 0.0.1 or 0.1. Run python setup.py --version to retrieve the current PEP440-compliant version. This version will be used when building a package and is also accessible through my_project.__version__.

Unleash the power of Git by using its pre-commit hooks. This feature is available through the --with-pre-commit flag. After your project’s scaffold was generated, make sure pre-commit is installed, e.g. pip install pre-commit, then just run pre-commit install.

It goes unsaid that also a default .gitignore file is provided that is well adjusted for Python projects and the most common tools.

Sphinx Documentation

Build the documentation with python setup.py docs and run doctests with python setup.py doctest. Start editing the file docs/index.rst to extend the documentation. The documentation also works with Read the Docs.

The Numpy and Google style docstrings are activated by default. Just make sure Sphinx 1.3 or above is installed.

Unittest & Coverage

Run python setup.py test to run all unittests defined in the subfolder tests with the help of py.test and pytest-runner. Some sane default flags for py.test are already defined in the [pytest] section of setup.cfg. The py.test plugin pytest-cov is used to automatically generate a coverage report. It is also possible to provide additional parameters and flags on the commandline, e.g., type:

python setup.py test --addopts -h

to show the help of py.test.

JUnit and Coverage HTML/XML

For usage with a continuous integration software JUnit and Coverage XML output can be activated in setup.cfg. Use the flag --with-travis to generate templates of the Travis configuration files .travis.yml and tests/travis_install.sh which even features the coverage and stats system Coveralls. In order to use the virtualenv management and test tool Tox the flag --with-tox can be specified.

Managing test environments with tox

Run tox to generate test virtual environments for various python environments defined in the generated tox.ini. Testing and building sdists for python 2.7 and python 3.4 is just as simple with tox as:

tox -e py27,py34

Environments for tests with the the static code analyzers pyflakes and pep8 which are bundled in flake8 are included as well. Run it explicitly with:

tox -e flake8

With tox, you can use the --recreate flag to force tox to create new environments. By default, PyScaffold’s tox configuration will execute tests for a variety of python versions. If an environment is not available on the system the tests are skipped gracefully. You can relay on the tox documentation for detailed configuration options.

Management of Requirements & Licenses

Add the requirements of your project to requirements.txt and test-requirements.txt which will be automatically used by setup.py. This also allows you to easily customize a plain virtual environment with:

pip install -r requirements.txt -r test-requirements.txt

Only absolutely necessary requirements of your project shoulbe be stated in requirements.txt while the requirements only used for development and especially for running the unittests should go into test-requirements.txt.

Since PyScaffold uses pbr it is also possible to define requirements depending on your Python version. Use the environment variable PBR_REQUIREMENTS_FILES to define a comma-separated list of requirement files if you want to use non-default names and locations.

All licenses from choosealicense.com can be easily selected with the help of the --license flag.

Django & Cookiecutter

Create a Django project with the flag --with-django which is equivalent to django-admin.py startproject my_project enhanced by PyScaffold’s features.

With the help of Cookiecutter it is possible to customize your project setup. Just use the flag --with-cookiecutter TEMPLATE to use a cookiecutter template which will be refined by PyScaffold afterwards.

Easy Updating

Keep your project’s scaffold up-to-date by applying putput --update my_project when a new version of PyScaffold was released. An update will only overwrite files that are not often altered by users like setup.py. To update all files use --update --force. An existing project that was not setup with PyScaffold can be converted with putup --force existing_project. The force option is completely safe to use since the git repository of the existing project is not touched! Also check out if configuration options in setup.cfg have changed.


If you are updating from a PyScaffold version before 2.0, you must manually remove the files versioneer.py and MANIFEST.in. If you are updating from a version prior to 2.2, you must remove ${PACKAGE}/_version.py.